Woven Silk as Embodiment: Tapestry and Imperial Portraiture at the Yuan Court from a Mongol Perspective
Yong Cho, Ph.D. Candidate, Yale University

Thursday, February 20, 2020 at 5:00pm
ARTS Seminar Room 333


The Mongol ruling house during China’s Yuan dynasty (1271-1368) enshrined portrait images of deceased emperors and empresses along with tantric Buddhist mandalas intended to represent their ritual embodiments. Interestingly, these images— portraits and mandala—were woven completely in silk using the technique of tapestry with slits (kesi). This was a dramatic departure from established tradition in China and North Asia, where such images were either painted or sculpted.

What accounted for this transition in medium, with Yuan rulers opting to produce images of their own bodies as silk tapestry? Examination of the available visual and textual evidence suggests that Yuan rulers understood the process of weaving silk as an especially efficacious means to producing embodied images, where the subject was understood to be present, rather than merely represented. Evidence also shows that such woven images were a product of collaboration among artisans from different corners of the Mongol Empire —a testimony to the cosmopolitan outlook of rulers who, even as they rose to power in China, did not relinquish their ties to the steppe.

 

 

 

Honoring the Paintings of the Past. Art history scholar selected to present research at the Getty Graduate Symposium

By Melissa Sagun, Student Writer/CHASS Marketing & Communications |

 

Cynthia Neri Lewis, Ph.D Candidate in UC Riverside’s Department of the History of Art, was selected as an emerging student to present her research at the second annual Getty Graduate Symposium. The symposium will be held Saturday, Feb. 1, 2020, at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles.

The Getty Graduate Symposium highlights the high-caliber art historical thinking that is taking place all over California. The event will include nine individual presentations, as well as panel discussions, question-and-answer sessions, and faculty mentor moderators. Participating universities include Stanford, Berkeley, Irvine, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, and Southern California.

“I’m excited to be interacting with other graduate students who are also in the midst of their writing,” Lewis said. “It’s a chance where we can be open-minded before coming to our conclusions. I’m interested to see how the conversations will go in terms of the type of feedback and questions I will get, particularly in regards to the decolonizing and indigenizing methods I have employed in this chapter of my dissertation.”

As part of the symposium, the Getty asks university art departments to nominate their most promising students to give a formal presentation on some aspect of their research. At UCR, Lewis was selected to present her research, “Native Painting as a Usable Past: the Index of American Design California Mission Project (1936-1942)” Through case studies and research, Lewis has demonstrated how the Index-created archive and federally-sponsored art “restorations” have influenced our contemporary understandings of both the “mission motifs” and the Native cultures that produced them.

“Before I entered UCR in the fall of 2016, I had already been studying the art of the California missions in general,” Lewis said. “I was working primarily with 18th-century oil paintings that had been sent to the missions from workshops in Mexico City.”

When Lewis started her research with Jason Weems, Professor of Art History, she oriented her work in a different lens. Weems encouraged her to think more about the federal art projects during the time of the New Deal (1933-1939), such as the Index of American Design.

“I started to think more about something I had seen in the San Gabriel Mission, where I’m a board member of the museum,” Lewis said. “One item was a hand-painted watercolor rendering of the state of California and all the missions that were visited by the Index. They sought to define the nation’s cultural identity and provide inspiration for modern art that would be distinctly American. That they would find the California missions to be one of the most promising sources for a national art during the New Deal era, given the United States’ conflicted relationship with its Spanish, Mexican and Native American roots, is the unique situation I am investigating.”

“This is a real look at public policy at the time and what it means for us today,” said Millagros Peña, Professor Sociology and Ethnic Studies, and the Dean of the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences. “Art historians help us think about decisions made by the government to invest in art documentation and recovery, which shows the complicated and critical understanding of who we are as a nation and our relationships with native people. In many ways, they reach into the past, help us self-reflect, and tap into our inner conscience in order to move forward in the future.”

As a space for innovative and groundbreaking research, the Getty Research Institute moved forward with it’s philosophy to engage with exemplary scholars in art history and graduate level research. The initiative was to create a high-level symposium, hosted by the Getty, that would highlight the work that was taking place in art history departments and programs across the state of California. The conversation included leaders from various UC’s with the intent to give visibility not only to scholars, but the departments and programs they come from as well.

“For our department, this gives us the chance to display the kinds of research opportunities, types of mentorships, and quality of education we offer,” Weems said. “ We can demonstrate the way in which our faculty and art programs are contributing to the study of art history, locally, nationally, and internationally. This is a tremendous opportunity for us because out of the eight departments in California that offer the Ph.D., ours is certainly the youngest out of all the programs.”

Camilla Querin, last year’s candidate, felt honored to represent the art history department and UC Riverside at the first Getty Graduate Symposium. She notes that this was an excellent opportunity to present her research in such an important venue for the study and discussion of art.

“When I participated, I had just defended my prospectus, therefore it was a great way to present my project to a larger public of scholars and test my argument, its appeal, as well as my presentation skills,” Querin said. “The fact that UCR was selected as one of the universities to participate in the Getty Graduate Symposium positions the art history department within a larger academic network, which can foster positive exchanges and future collaborations.”

https://chass.ucr.edu/press/2020/01/24/honoring-paintings-past

Gluck Fellowships for Graduate Art History Students

 

We are pleased to announce that the UCR Department of the History of Art will once again participate in the Gluck Fellowship Program in 2019-20. The Gluck Fellows Program of the Arts is an arts outreach program here at UCR.

The Gluck Fellows Program of the Arts provides fellowships to UC Riverside undergraduate and graduate students to conduct arts-related presentations, performances, and workshops in Riverside County schools, residential facilities for elderly care and community centers. Participating departments include Art, Creative Writing, Dance, History of Art, Music, and Theatre, as well as the UCR/ARTSblock. Graduate students in the History of Art have participated by making presentations to a variety of community groups in Riverside.

For more background, go to http://gluckprogram.ucr.edu/.

Next year, we anticipate we will have six Gluck Classroom Fellows and one GluckGlobal Fellow working with the Visual Resources Collection (VRC), contingent on continued funding from the Gluck Foundation. 

The Gluck Classroom Fellowships are an excellent opportunity to develop your teaching skills while earning financial aid. The VRC GluckGlobal Fellow will work exclusively on a collaboration between UC Riverside and the Society of Architectural Historians (SAH) through the Color Film Emergency Project (CFEP) and may be of particular value to those students interested in the history of photography, history of architecture, collection management, registrarial experience, and/or visual resource management.

Graduate Fellowships pay $5000 for a commitment of 12 hours of outreach work. Disbursement of the Gluck Fellowship is arranged through the Graduate Financial Aid Office. If you are selected to be a Gluck Fellow, we recommend that you set up an appointment with your Financial Aid Counselor to discuss exactly how a Gluck Fellowship will be disbursed and whether it will affect your current financial aid package in any way.

 

Download Gluck Fellows Timeline

Download Gluck Classroom Fellowship Application

Download VRC GluckGlobal Project Description

Download VRC GluckGlobal Fellowship Application

 

Application deadline is May 15.

 

If you need help with a budget or other aspects of the application, please feel free to contact Leslie Paprocki, Art History Graduate Coordinator; Christine G. Leapman, Gluck Assistant Director (951) 827-5739 (christine.leapman@ucr.edu), or Joe Santarromana, Gluck Program Coordinator (951) 827-3518.